Immune-Mediated Blepharoconjunctivitis

The term “blepharoconjunctivitis” defines a severe, acute, bilateral inflammation of the eyelid tissues which occurs relatively frequently, particularly in small breed dogs. Clinical symptoms may include irregular erythema and/or swelling of the eyelids and marked patient discomfort manifesting as blepharospam and epiphora. An associated conjunctivitis is also typically present. This condition may or may not be associated inflammation or infection of the meibomian glands or “meibomitis” and may additionally coincide with the incidence & severity of more generalized atopic dermatitis. Commonly affected breeds include the Chihuahua, Miniature Pincher, Papillion & Dachshund.